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冬至

已经很久没有写博客了, 忙是一个原因, 但我觉得最大的原因是自从来了这里后wordpress就上不去了, 不知道是这里严格还是正好正好赶上这个时间了.

来这里已经三个多月了, 工作比以前的忙很多, 但是感觉上要不以前好, 我很清楚自己的现在的能力在什么档次上, 做事要按部就班, 我想我四个 月前的决定是对的.

今天冬至, 要不是vita的提醒我也还没有察觉到, 都说冬至要吃水饺, 我也要不免俗套了.

现在工作比较忙, 经常是往右下角扫一眼(你懂得)叹一口气: 又要吃饭了. 难得今天的task完成的比较快, 饺子嘛还是自己动手吧.

于是到了吃饭时间饺子就在眼前了.

哇, 好豪放威武的饺子啊! 就是难看些. 但好歹是村手动打造, 过程如下, 采用倒叙手法:

这张太血腥暴力了, 果断带码.

速度比我妈慢多了, 她是一小时. 而我只做一人份的用时1又1/4小时. 从来没有完整的一次包过, 找吃看来还可以接受.

鉴于写篇博客这么难, 有两种处理方法:

1. 才有国内认可的平台

2. 肉身翻墙.

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Categories: 琐事, Food and drink Tags:

关于我的户口问题

记得小时候就听说非农业户口, 那时一个多么令人羡慕的东西, 而如见就稀里糊涂的转成非农业户口,  就如蛋白质变性一样, 不可恢复了.

先看一下山东省大约在1989年发布的文件,文件名是<<关于加强对农业户口转为非农业户口管理和控制的通知>>,正文如下:

党的十一届三中全会以来,我省农业户口转非农业户口的工作是有成绩的,对落实党的政策,调动广大知识分子和国家职工的积极性,促进改革开放、经济建设和科技、教育事业的发展,起了积极的作用。但是,由于近几年“农转非”口子开得过宽,某些地区和部门违反国家规定,自行扩大范围,加之审批把关不严,致使我省非农业人口增长过快。据不完全统计,一九八五年至一九八八年四年间,全省共转了一百七十五万八千人,平均每年转四十三万九千人,比一九八一年至一九八四年每年平均多转二十万人。加上非农业人口的自然增长和省外调入,我省非农业人口每年增加六十余万人,大大超过了经济和社会各方面的承受能力,给粮油供应、劳动就业、住房、教育和地方财政等都带来了很大的压力。为了进一步加强对“农转非”的管理和控制,使非农业人口的增长和经济增长、社会发展相适应,特作如下通知:

  一、各级政府、各有关部门要充分认识从严控制非农业人口增长的重要意义。农业人口向非农业人口转移的规模和速度,必须同经济发展速度、社会承受能力相适应,否则就会造成严重后果。各地区、各有关部门要把整顿“农转非”作为治理经济环境、整顿经济秩序的重要内容来抓。要树立全局观念,严格执行国家的“农转非”政策,严格执行省政府下达的“农转非”计划指标,加强领导,加强检查监督,切实把这项工作做好。

  二、制定、下达指令性计划指标,加强宏观控制。根据我省经济发展情况和社会承受能力,省政府确定,近几年每年“农转非”总人数不得突破三十万人。“农转非”年度计划控制指标纳入国民经济和社会发展计划,经省政府审定后由省计委下达市地和省直有关部门,由市地和省直有关部门直接控制,不再层层下达。各市地、各部门要严格执行计划,不准突破;超过计划指标的,公安部门不予入户,粮食部门不供应口粮。在计划指标内批准的“农转非”人口所需粮油差价款如何解决,由市地根据具体情况自行确定。

  三、认真清理“农转非”文件,严格执行国家“农转非”政策。一九八0年以来,省委、省政府及省直有关部门下达的涉及“农转非”的文件共三十一件。经过清理审查,省政府研究确定并报省委批准,《中共山东省委、山东省人民政府关于进一步落实知识分子政策的通知》等十六个文件(文件目录附后)中的 “农转非”政策规定继续执行,但要从严掌握;其他文件中的“农转非”政策规定暂停执行。各市(地)县自行制定的“农转非”规定,一律停止执行。对申请“农转非”的人员,对符合省委、省政府继续执行的“农转非”政策规定的,要根据当年计划指标的可能,在优先办理符合国家政策规定的“农转非”的前提下,分别轻重缓急,分期分批地进行办理,当年无计划指标时,可延缓到下一年度办理。今后,各市(地)县、省直各部门都不准自行制定“农转非”政策,省委、省政府发的文件中授权市(地)、县和省直部门可以放宽“农转非”条件的条款,一律停止执行。今后,国务院各部门下达的有关“农转非”的文件规定,由省政府根据我省实际情况研究下达贯彻意见,部门不得自行转发。

  四、适当集中“农转非”审批权限。从一九八九年起,各项“农转非”审批权,全部收回省和市(地)两级。

  无地农民“农转非”,由省政府审批;

  国家规定的每年“千分之二”部分,由市(地)公安部门审批;

  招工中的“农转非”,经省劳动部门审查同意后,由公安部门审批;

  科技人员、教师、有学历的国家机关干部等知识分子家属“农转非”,省属单位和中央驻鲁单位的,由省科技教育等主管部门报省人事局,在省确定的指标内,由省人事局商公安厅后审批,由市(地)公安部门根据省人事局的批件办理落户手续;各市(地)、县属单位的,由市(地)科技、教育等主管部门报市(地)人事部门审查后,商市(地)公安部门审批。

  复员军人及军人家属,劳改干部家属,煤矿井下职工、殡葬工人、粪便清运工人家属,以及其他方面的“农转非”,由其主管部门审查同意后,报市(地)公安部门审批。

  过去发的文件中规定的“农转非”审批程序与本通知规定不一致的,一律以本通知的规定为准。申请和审查、审批“农转非”,要严格执行国家的政策规定,实行“两公开,一监督”(条件公开,结果公开,接受群众监督)的制度,严禁弄虚作假,徇私舞弊。

  五、各级监察部门要对“农转非”工作加强检查监督,对违反国家政策和本通知规定,擅自放宽条件或弄虚作假批转的非农业人口,要坚决令其清退,对有关人员要追究责任。各市(地)要对一九八七、一九八八两年的“农转非”进行一次认真的检查清理,于六月底前向省政府写出情况报告。

  附件:继续执行的“农转非”文件目录

  1.中共山东省委山东省人民政府关于进一步落实知识分子政策的通知 鲁发[1980]17号

  2.中共山东省委山东省人民政府关于进一步贯彻知识分子政策的若干规定 鲁发[1984]21号

  3.中共山东省委山东省人民政府关于进一步贯彻知识分子政策的补充规定 鲁发[1985]3号

  4.中共山东省委批转省委统战部等七部门《关于全省落实统战政策的情况和今后意见的报告》 鲁发[1985]8号

  5.中共山东省委山东省人民政府批转《开发建设南四湖现场办公会议纪要》的通知 鲁发[1985]20号

  6.中共山东省委山东省人民政府关于选拔、管理专业技术拔尖人才的试行意见 鲁发[1987]22号

  7.批转省煤炭工业总公司等部门《关于煤矿井下职工家属落城镇户口试点情况和在全省展开煤矿井下职工家属落户工作意见的报告》的通知 鲁政发[1985]89号

  8.批转省建委等四部门《关于解决城市粪便清运工人家属农转非问题的报告》的通知 (86)鲁政函67号

  9.批转省民政厅等五部门关于解决部分殡葬职工家属农转非报告的通知 鲁政发[1987]58号

  10.关于贯彻执行中办发(1981)44号文件解决劳改工作干部家属户口问题的通知 鲁公治(82)158号

  11.印发公安部等单位《关于解决人民检察院劳改劳教检察派出机构干部的农村家属迁往派出机构所在地区落户由国家供应口粮问题的决定》的通知 [84]鲁检发(政)37号

  12.关于执行省委、省政府鲁发(1985)3号文中有关“农转非”问题的通知 (1985)鲁人字第16号

  13.关于转发民政部等七个部门民(1985)安2号文件的通知 (85)鲁民字第122号

  14.关于跨省、市、自治区错处理人员受株连家属子女就地办理“农转非”问题的意见 鲁统[1986]67号

  15.关于落实中办发(86)6号文件中有关户口问题的具体处理意见 鲁公发[1987]19号

  16.关于对越防御作战荣立三等功的农村籍退伍军人办理“农转非”手续的通知 87鲁民字第19号

现在我被非农村户口了, 就在我想回家分亩地, 当厌倦了的时候还可以当面农民的时候, 我却发现那几乎不可能了. 不知四年前是不是这样. 难道大学生就不能当农民了? 下面是某人的愿望, 悲剧了.

找到一份<<非转农申请书范本>>观摩一下, 不知现在还可以不.

尊敬的领导您好:

  我叫XXX,系XX县XX村委会XX村村民,XX年因XXX招生录取于XX大学由XX县XX村委会XX村XX号迁至XX省XX市XX大学;现因毕业特申请将户口迁至原籍农业户口(XX省XX县XX村委会XX村XX号),分村集体土(田)地、山等,总之享受同村民同等待遇,履行村民同等甚至更多的义务,为建设社会主义新农村做一份力所能及的贡献,望领导给予批准为盼,谢谢。

 此致              

  敬礼!

 申请人:XXX                

  2009年3月16日             

  以下人员同意迁回,分田地、山:

  张三、李四(约十几个人,不能太少,也无需太多) (村委会盖章)

Categories: Food and drink Tags: , ,

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有一个词叫耳濡目染,听的、看的多了,也就会了。

Categories: Food and drink

Food, Inc.

I have watched the "Food, Inc" today, and then I think how lucky I am. Because I am in the country.

Food, Inc. lifts the veil on our nation’s food industry, exposing how
our nation’s food supply is now controlled by a handful of corporations
that often put profit ahead of consumer health, the
livelihood of the
American farmer, the safety of workers and our own environment. Food,
Inc. reveals surprising and often shocking truths about what we eat, how
it’s produced and who we have become as a nation.

Q&A with Producer/Director Robert Kenner,
Co-Producer/Food Expert Eric Schlosser, Food Expert Michael Pollan and
Producer Elise Pearlstein

How did this
film initially come about?

Kenner: Eric
Schlosser and I had been wanting to do a documentary version of his
book, Fast Food Nation.  And, for one reason or another, it
didn’t happen. By the time Food, Inc. started to come together,
we began talking and realized that all food has become like fast food,
and all food is being created in the same manner as fast food.

How
has fast food changed the food we buy at the supermarket?

Schlosser:
The enormous buying power of the fast food industry helped to transform
the entire food production system of the United States.  So even when
you purchase food at the supermarket, you’re likely to be getting
products that came from factories, feedlots and suppliers that emerged
to serve the fast food chains.

How many years did it
take to do this film and what were the challenges?

Kenner:
From when Eric and I began talking, about 6 or 7 years.  The
film itself about 2 ½ years.  It has taken a lot longer than we expected
because we were denied access to so many places.

Pearlstein:
When Robby brought me into the project, he was adamant about wanting to
hear all sides of the story, but it was nearly impossible to gain
access onto industrial farms and into large food corporations.  They
just would not let us in.  It felt like it would have been easier to
penetrate the Pentagon than to get into a company that makes breakfast
cereal.  The legal challenges on this film were also unique.  We found
it necessary to consult with a first amendment lawyer throughout the
entire filming process.

Who or what influenced your
film?

Kenner: This film was really
influenced by Eric Schlosser and Fast Food Nation, but then as
we were progressing and had actually gotten funding, it became very
influenced as well by Michael Pollan and his book Omnivore’s Dilemma

And then, as we went out into the world, we became really
incredibly influenced by a lot of the farmers we met.

What
was the most surprising thing you learned?

Kenner: As
we set out to find out how our food was made, I think the thing that
really became most shocking is when we were talking to a woman, Barbara
Kowalcyk, who had lost her son to eating a hamburger with E. coli, and
she’s now dedicated her life to trying to make the food system safer.
It’s the only way she can recover from the loss of her child. But when I
asked her what she eats, she told me she couldn’t tell me because she
would be sued if she answered.

Or we see Carol possibly losing
her chicken farm … or we see Moe, a seed cleaner who’s just being sued
for amounts that there’s no way he can pay, even though he’s not guilty
of anything.  Then we realized there’s something going on out there that
supersedes foods. Our rights are being denied in ways that I had never
imagined. And it was scary and shocking. And that was my biggest
surprise.

So, what does our current industrialized food
system say about our values as a nation?
Pollan:
It says we
value cheap, fast and easy when it comes to food like so many other
things, and we have lost any connection to where our food comes from.

Kenner: I met a cattle rancher and he said, you
know, we used to be scared of the Soviet Union or we used to think we
were so much better than the Soviet Union because we had many places to
buy things.  And we had many choices.  We thought if we were ever taken
over, we’d be dominated where we’d have to buy one thing from one
company, and how that’s not the American way.  And he said you look
around now, and there’s like one or two companies dominating everything
in the food world. We’ve become what we were always terrified of.

And
that just always haunted me – how could this happen in America?  It
seems very un-American that we would be so dominated, and then so
intimidated by the companies that are dominating this marketplace.

How
has the revolving door relationship between giant food companies and
Washington affected the food industry?
Pearlstein:
We
discovered that the food industry has managed to shape a lot of laws in
their favor.  For example, massive factory farms are not considered real
factories, so they are exempt from emissions standards that other
factories face.  A surprising degree of regulation is voluntary, not
mandatory, which ends up favoring the industry. 

What
have been the consequences for the American consumer?
Kenner:
Most
American consumers think that we are being protected.  But that is not
the case.  Right now the USDA does not have the authority to shut down a
plant that is producing contaminated meat.  The FDA and the USDA have
had their inspectors cut back.  And it’s for these companies now to
self-police, and what we’ve found is, when there’s a financial interest
involved, these companies would rather make the money and be sued than
correct it.  Self-policing has really just been a miserable failure. 
And I think that’s been really quite harmful to the American consumer
and to the American worker. 

Pearlstein: The
food industry has succeeded in keeping some very important information
about their products hidden from consumers.  It’s outrageous that
genetically modified foods don’t need to be labeled.  Today more than
70% of processed foods in the supermarket are genetically modified and
we have absolutely no way of knowing.  Whatever your position, you
should have the right to make informed choices, and we don’t.  Now the
FDA is contemplating whether or not to label meat and milk from cloned
cows.  It seems very basic that consumers should have the right to know
if they’re eating a cloned steak.

Is it possible to feed
a nation of millions without this kind of industrialized processing?
Pollan:
Yes.  There are alternative ways of producing food that could
improve Americans’ health.  Quality matters as much as quantity and
yield is not the measure of a healthy food system.  Quantity improves a
population’s health up to a point; after that, quality and diversity
matters more.  And it’s wrong to assume that the industrialized food
system is feeding everyone well or keeping the population healthy.  It’s
failing on both counts.

There is a section of the film
that reveals how illegal immigrants are the faceless workers that help
to bring food to our tables.  Can you give us a profile of the average
worker?
Schlosser:
The typical farm worker is a young,
Latino male who does not speak English and earns about $10,000 a year. 
The typical meatpacking worker has a similar background but earns about
twice that amount.  A very large proportion of the nation’s farm workers
and meatpackers are illegal immigrants.

Why are there
so many Spanish-speaking workers?
Kenner:
The same thing
that created obesity in this country, which is large productions of
cheap corn, has put farmers out of work in foreign countries, whether
it’s Mexico, Latin America or around the world.  And those farmers can
no longer grow food and compete with the U.S.’ subsidized food.  So a
lot of these farmers needed jobs and ended up coming into this country
to work in our food production.

And they have been here for a
number of years.  But what’s happened is that we’ve decided that it’s no
longer in the best interests of this country to have them here.  But
yet, these companies still need these people and they’re desperate, so
they work out deals where they can have a few people arrested at a
certain time so it doesn’t affect production. But it affects people’s
lives.  And these people are being deported, put in jail and sent away,
but yet, the companies can go on and it really doesn’t affect their
assembly line.  And what happens is that they are replaced by other,
desperate immigrant groups.

Could the American food
industry exist without illegal immigrants?
Schlosser:
The
food industry would not only survive, but it would have a much more
stable workforce.  We would have much less rural poverty.  And the
annual food bill of the typical American family would barely increase. 
Doubling the hourly wage of every farm worker in this country might add
$50 at most to a family’s annual food bill.

What are
scientists doing to our food and is it about helping food companies’
bottom line or about feeding a growing population?
Schlosser:
Some
scientists are trying to produce foods that are healthier, easier to
grow, and better for the environment.  But most of the food scientists
are trying to create things that will taste good and can be made cheaply
without any regard to their social or environmental consequences.

I
am not opposed to food science.  What matters is how that science is
used … and for whose benefit.

Can a person eat a healthy
diet from things they buy in the supermarket if they are not buying
organic? If so, how?
Pollan:
Yes, the supermarkets still
carry real food.  The key is to shop the perimeter of the store and stay
out of the middle where most of the processed food lurks.

How
are low-income families impacted at the supermarket?
Kenner:
Things
are really stacked against low-income families in this country.  There
is a definite desire of the food companies to sell more product to these
people because they have less time, they’re working really hard and
they have fewer hours in their day to cook.  And the fast food is very
reasonably priced.  Coke is selling for less than water.  So when these
things are happening, it’s easier for low-income families sometimes to
just go in and have a quick meal if they don’t get home until 10 o’clock
at night.  At the moment, our food is unfairly priced towards bad food.

And, in the same way that tobacco companies went after low-income
people because they were heavy users, food companies are going after
low-income people because they can market to them, they can make it look
very appealing.

What can low-income families do to eat
healthier?
Schlosser:
As much as possible, they can avoid
cheap, processed foods and fast foods.  It’s possible to eat well and
inexpensively.  But it takes more time and effort to do so, and that’s
not easy when you’re working two jobs and trying to just to keep your
head above water.  The sad thing is that these cheap foods are
ultimately much more expensive when you factor in the costs of all the
health problems that come later.

Pollan: It’s
possible to eat healthy food on a budget but it takes a greater
investment of time.  If you are willing to cook and plan ahead, you can
eat local, sustainable food on a budget.

If someone
wanted to get involved and help change the system, what would you
suggest they do?
Pearlstein:
I hope people will want to be
more engaged in the process of eating and shopping for food.  We have
learned that there are a lot of different fronts to fight on this one,
and people can see what most resonates with them.  Maybe it’s really
just “voting with their forks” – eating less meat, buying different
food, buying from companies they feel good about, going to farmers
markets.

People can try to find a CSA – community supported
agriculture – where you buy a share in a farm and get local food all
year.  That really helps support farmers and you get fresh, seasonal
food.  On the local political level, people can work on food access
issues, like getting more markets into low income communities, getting
better lunch programs in schools, trying to get sodas out of schools. 
And on a national level, we’ve learned that reforming the Farm Bill
would have a huge influence on our food system. It requires some
education, but it is something we should care about.

What
do you hope people take away from this film?
Schlosser:
I
hope it opens their eyes.

Kenner: That things
can change in this country. It changed against the big tobacco
companies.  We have to influence the government and readjust these
scales back into the interests of the consumer.  We did it before, and
we can do it again.

Pollan: A deeper knowledge
of where their food comes from and a sense of outrage over how their
food is being produced and a sense of hope and possibility of the
alternatives springing up around the country.  Food, Inc. is
the most important and powerful film about our food system in a
generation.

Some photos in the film.

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