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[Repost]过量饮用白酒对身体的危害

过量饮酒 引起人体营养素缺乏
1.蛋白质、脂肪、糖的缺乏。其主要原因是由于长期饮酒的人约有一半以上进食不足。酒能使胃蠕动能力降低,造成继发性恶心,使嗜酒者丧失食欲,减少进食量。
2.蛋白质的消化率下降。有关专家在通过对胃的活组织检查发现,约有 1/4的长期嗜酒者患萎缩性胃炎,其胃酸及胃蛋白酶也都低于正常人。
3.多种维生素的缺乏。饮酒最容易造成的是叶酸缺乏,其次为维生素B1、烟酸及维生素B6的缺乏。这是由于小肠对维生素B11、维生素B12及叶酸等吸收率降低的缘故。临床表现主要有神经疾病、舌炎、贫血和细胞减少等。
4.钙、镁、锌等元素缺乏。由于酒精影响小肠的结构和对消化腺体的损害,常可出现脂肪痢,从排便中同时损失多种无机盐,也可使无机盐从肾的排泄增多;另一方面,嗜酒者从饮食中获得的无机盐的量减少,可使血液中锌、铜、镁等的水平下降。

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过量饮酒 损害肝脏
酒精的解毒主要是在肝脏内进行的,大约90%~95%的酒精都要通过肝脏代谢。因此,饮酒对肝脏的损害特别大。酒精能损伤肝细胞,引起肝病变。连续过量饮酒者易患脂肪肝、酒精性肝炎,进而可发展为酒精性肝硬化,最后可导致肝癌。狂饮暴饮(一次饮酒量过多)不仅会引起急性酒精性肝炎,还可能诱发急性坏死型胰腺炎,严重者危及生命。
过量饮酒 损害消化系统
酒精能刺激食道和胃黏膜,引起消化道黏膜充血、水肿,导致食道炎、胃炎、胃及十二指肠溃疡等。过量饮酒是导致某些消化系统癌症的因素之一。

过量饮酒 增高乳腺癌发病机率
    有研究表明,常喝含酒精饮料的妇女,患乳腺癌的机会增多。因此,限制饮酒可能减少患乳腺癌的危险。

过量饮酒 导致高血压、高血脂症和冠状动脉硬化
  酒精可使血液中的胆固醇和甘油三酯升高,从而发生高血脂症或导致冠状动脉硬化。血液中的脂质沉积在血管壁上,使血管腔变小引起高血压,血压升高有诱发中风的危险。长期过量饮酒可使心肌发生脂肪变性,减小心脏的弹性收缩力,影响心脏的正常功能。

过量饮酒 诱发事故和暴力行为
长期饮酒者的中枢神经系统往往处于慢性乙醇中毒状态,有的发展为酒精中毒性精神病和酒毒性动觉症。患者时有伤人、毁物等;中动行为。酒精能使人失去自控能力,有增加事故和暴力行为的危险。全世界的交通事故和工作事故 1/3以上是由酗酒引起的。

过量饮酒 导致贫血
酒精等毒性物质被吸收入血液后,能刺激、侵蚀红细胞及其他血细胞的细胞膜,会引起血细胞萎缩、破裂、溶解,从而不断减少。贫血患者体内往往缺乏制造血液的营养物质,而酒精等毒性物质又会破坏摄入的营养素。这样,就会进一步导致血细胞制造障碍,还可使红细胞、白细胞及血小板等越来越少,从而造成严重贫血。酒精还能干扰骨髓、肝、脾等造血器官的造血功能。

过量饮酒 导致肥胖
过量饮酒可使一些人发胖。这是因为酒精发热量较高,进入人体后首先被吸收、氧化,对同时或酒后吃下的食物却不能及时地消化和利用。这些食物在体内被转化为脂肪储存起来。中老年人因运动量减少,更易发胖。
过量饮酒 降低人体免疫力
酒精可侵害防御体系中的吞噬细胞、免疫因子和抗体,致使人体免疫功能减弱,容易发生感染,引起溶血。

过量饮酒 诱发胎儿先天性畸形
  酒精对生殖细胞(精子和卵子)有毒害作用。若这种受毒害的细胞发育成胎儿,则有可能成为智力迟钝的低能儿,将给家庭、社会造成沉重的负担。孕妇饮酒,酒精能通过胎盘进入胎儿体内直接毒害胎儿,阻碍胎儿脑细胞的分裂。酒精也是一种致畸因素,能诱发胎儿先天性畸形。
过量饮酒对人体有诸多损害,少喝为妙,不喝最好。

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Ten Tips Help Cold Hands

1  Keep Your Neck and Wrists Covered if you Have Cold Hands.

        Primary
        blood vessels come close to the surface of the skin in the neck and
        wrists. If you keep these areas protected from the air, less heat will
        escape and will help prevent cold hands.

2  With Cold Hands, Try to Avoid:

        tight
        clothing, smoking, drafts, the wrong calcium supplements and margarine.
        Tight clothing restricts the blood flow into the extremities. Smoking,
        of course is known to clog arteries. Drafts affect people sensitive to
        cold much worse than others. Dolomite or “elemental calcium” can clog
        blood vessels. “Organic” calcium like bone meal or oyster shell does
        not do this. Margarine, contrary to popular belief, cannot be absorbed
        or digested easily into the body. As a result it tends to leave a
        residue in the arteries which can cause arteriosclerosis, resulting in
        poor circulation. Also, never eat “hydrogenated vegetable oil” which is
        the same thing as margarine!

3  Use Exercise or Physical Therapy for Cold Hands.

        Three
        exercise movements are helpful for cold hands. (A) While you are
        standing, rotate the shoulders forward, up and back in a circular
        motion for about 30 seconds. (B) Rotate the wrists in both directions
        for a total of 30 seconds. (C) Make a fist without digging the nails
        into your palm. (The final joint of your fingers is not bent.)
        Alternatively tense and relax the hands in this position for about 30
        seconds.

4  Supplement Your Diet.

        All
        of the following supplements are known to be helpful to improve
        circulation and cold hands. Many of them complement one another because
        they work in different ways. You can find many of the items in health food stores:
        ginger, fennel, cayenne, potassium, niacin, iron, vitamin B, vitamin C,
        vitamin E, lecithin, Ginkgo Biloba, apple cider vinegar, distilled
        water, lemon juice in hot distilled water. (Lemon juice in hot
        distilled water will have an amazing effect on cleansing your liver
        which is the “heat producer” for your body.) Also if you’re trying to
        avoid meat for whatever reason, this could be contributing to the
        problem! Some people just need to eat meat once in a while. Don’t be
        fanatical. Please allow about 30 days to see if any dietary changes
        have helped the situation. Also, most people develop a lining of old
        “mucoid plaque” in their intestines. People who have cold hands tend to
        have more of this layer than others. The supplements that you want to
        absorb through your small intestine cannot be absorbed very well if you
        have this layer of old material. You will see a direct connection in
        your hand warmth and the removal of old mucoid plaque in your
        intestines. Here’s what you can do about it.

        Herb teas that are warming: sarsparilla root, fenugreek.

5  Remove Fear.

        The
        most extreme fear response is called the “fight or flight syndrome.”
        This is when our adrenal glands produce adrenaline and our physical
        reactions change. These physical symptoms include cold hands, sweaty or
        shaky hands, rapid heart beat, shallow breathing, disorientation,
        misperception of time, upset stomach, dry mouth, memory lapse and
        others. This response is named for our reaction to a predator at our
        cave door during our supposed prehistoric days, to fight or to flee the
        danger. The adrenaline is nature’s way of giving us the extra quickness
        of mind and body to make a life or death decision very fast. The down
        side is that this leaves the body somewhat worn out and tense. Some
        sensitive people have a tendency to live their whole life in a
        quasi-fear state so that they are always walking around feeling
        anxious. As a result, they are constantly experiencing subtle aspects
        of the fight or flight symptoms, even though they are not conscious of
        any impending danger. It almost becomes a habit or an addiction. This
        person’s personality is what one might call a “fear personality.” The
        solution is to gradually lessen or remove the fear. There are many
        methods of reducing fear, including psychotherapy, hypnosis,
        affirmations or plain old willpower.

6  Breathe Deeper.

        People
        with cold hands tend to breathe shallow. Be aware of your breath and
        occasionally practice deep breathing. Eventually this will become
        automatic so that you won’t have to think about it. Consider this: the
        more deeply you breathe, the more oxygen you bring into your system.
        This oxygen is transferred from the lungs into the bloodstream and it
        is responsible for the transfer of heat throughout the body. The more
        oxygen you receive, the warmer you will be.

7  Practice Affirmations.

        Affirmations
        are a way to actually reprogram your subconscious mind. Believe it or
        not, saying “I have warm hands” to yourself can have a profound effect,
        if you do it right. First of all, create the statement so that it makes
        sense to you. (“My hands are warm, Heat comes from my hands, I embrace
        life with abandon, etc.”) Affirmations only work when you engage your
        emotions. You must be in a joyful state and you must believe it. If you
        have doubt or you are negative, it won’t work. Some people repeatedly
        say or write affirmations in the morning, evening, or at various times
        throughout the day. Because affirmations are a tool to create a new
        reality, do not get discouraged while you are currently playing out
        your previously-created reality. Allow for an overlap of realities with
        patience.

8  Reduce Stress.

        Many
        people have a healthy stress response. After the stressful event, they
        move on. But most of us tend to develop cumulative stress that builds
        and builds. This cumulative stress affects each person differently.
        Every illness in the world can be attributed to stress. Sometimes the
        tension is felt literally in the muscles of the body which has a
        sympathetic influence on the blood vessels. In other words, they
        constrict over time. With stress reduction techniques, the blood
        vessels can dilate back to their correct size. There are many different
        methods of stress reduction. Do some research and find one that seems
        suitable to your lifestyle.

9  See A Chiropractor.

        Although
        it may sound weird to most people, consider going to a chiropractor.
        Even if you don’t have back pain, your spine may be out of alignment,
        which can affect the proper functioning of your liver and other
        internal organs, because the spinal cord provides the neural
        nourishment to each organ. Your liver, among other things, is kind of
        like the ”heat producer” for the body. Think of watering your plants
        with a hose and the hose becomes kinked and the water won’t come out.
        That is what could be happening with your liver and it is not working
        right, as if someone turned off the switch. A chiropractor can detect
        this and set it right in one visit.

10  In the Meantime, Do Whatever is Necessary.

        Until
        the above suggestions provide a more permanent solution to cold hands,
        you still should do what it takes to keep your hands warm. This could
        include the obvious gloves and mittens to the less obvious warming
        creams, glove warmers and other devices.
        Also, before you need to play the piano try immersing your hands and
        forearms into the sink filled with warm water for one minute.

        Best wishes to you and keep me posted on your success!
        Howard Richman email

        These tips were prepared by pianist/teacher Howard Richman and are offered for free as a courtesy. To complement your goal towards increased hand warmth, you will find his Music for Stress-Release to be a powerful tool.

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First Snow of 2009

It snowed this morning while it felt like summer two days ago.

What’s have we done with the natural?

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